• Couples Relationships and Health (PI, NICHD)
• Oregon Youth Study (PI, NIMH)
• Three Generation Study (PI, NICHD & NIDA)
Supplemental reading link to the Medford Presentation 2012
Dr. Capaldi has worked on the Oregon Youth Study since its inception in 1983. Her work spans the causes and consequences of conduct problem behaviors, substance use, and associated health risk across the life span, and takes a dynamic developmental systems approach to understanding these issues. The approach focuses both on general risk pathways particularly associated with conduct problems and also with depressive symptoms, outcome-specific risk factors (e.g., peer alcohol use for alcohol use), proximal social influences (e.g., conflict, emotion), and effects on physiology via stress, immune, and inflammation mechanisms. Current areas of emphasis include: (1) the predictors and outcomes of heterogeneity in the course of alcohol use and disorders in mid-life, and the association both to problems with other substances, such as tobacco and illicit drugs, and to areas of adjustment, such as employment and crime; (2) the causes and consequences of domestic violence and the risk and protective impacts of romantic relationships on stress and health in adulthood; (3) intergenerational influences on development and functioning of children from early childhood to adolescence, including early substance use and sexual involvement; and (4) health and adjustment in aging.
This work currently involves three ongoing longitudinal projects that link across three generations involving over 30 years of study of the Oregon Youth Study families. Methods of study include observations of family interactions, both between romantic partners and between parents and children, and of peer interactions. For the current study of couples, which began in the Fall of 2009, and in collaboration with Dr. J. Josh Snodgrass at the University of Oregon Anthropology Department, biological measures of stress and of health are collected.
Capaldi, D. M., & Kim, H. K. (in press). Comorbidity of Depression and Conduct Disorder. In C. S. Richards & M. W. O’Hara (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Depression and Comorbidity. New York: Oxford University Press
Washburn, I. J., & Capaldi, D. M. (in press). Influences on boys’ marijuana use in high school: A two-part random intercept growth model. Journal of Research on Adolescence.
Capaldi, D. M., Feingold, A., Kim, H. K., Yoerger, K., & Washburn, I. J. (2013). Heterogeneity in growth and desistance of alcohol use for men in their 20s: Prediction from early risk factors and association with treatment. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 37(Suppl s1), E347-E355.
Capaldi, D. M. (2012). Oppositional defiant and conduct disorders in adolescence. In R. J. R. Levesque (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Adolescence. New York: Springer Science + Business Media.Capaldi, D. M., Knoble, N. B., Shortt, J. W., & Kim, H. K. (2012). A systematic review of risk factors for intimate partner violence. Partner Abuse, 3, 231-280.
Capaldi, D. M., Pears, K. C., Kerr, D. C. R., Owen, L. D., & Kim, H. K. (2012). Growth in externalizing and internalizing problems in childhood: A prospective study of psychopathology across three generations. Child Development, 83, 1945-1959.
Kerr, D. C. R., Capaldi, D. M., Pears, K. C., & Owen, L. D. (2012). Intergenerational influences on early alcohol use: Independence from the problem behavior pathway. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 889-906.
Shortt, J. W., Capaldi, D. M., Kim, H. K., Kerr, D. C. R., Owen, L. D., & Feingold, A. (2012). Stability of intimate partner violence by men across 12 years in young adulthood: Effects of relationship transitions. Prevention Science, 13, 360-369.
Wiesner, M., Capaldi, D. M., & Kim, H. K. (2012). General versus specific predictors of male arrest trajectories: A test of the Moffitt and Patterson Theories. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 41, 217-228.